History of Elk Grove
Spanish explorer Gabriel Moraga entered the area and named the Sacramento Valley and River in 1806 and 1808. Swiss explorer John Sutter arrived in the area in 1839. Elk Grove was founded in 1850 as a stage stop, when the Elk Grove House was opened by James Hall and the town was subsequently named after it. On July 1, 2000, Elk Grove incorporated as a city. In 2008 Elk Grove suffered from the subprime mortgage crisis.
The Elk Grove Unified School District is the fifth largest school district in California and one of the fastest growing school districts in the nation. Located in southern Sacramento County, the district covers 320 square miles (830 km2), one-third of the county. For the 2002-03 school year, the district served more than 52,500 students, and expects to reach 66,000 students by 2015. Those students attend 38 elementary schools, 8 middle schools, 8 high schools and 4 alternative high schools.There are also several private schools in town. A local community college, Cosumnes River College, offers both vocational training and a transfer program to four-year universities. Located nearby are California State University, Sacramento and the University of California, Davis, as well as branches of Golden Gate University, and St. Mary's College. Elk Grove is also the home of the private six-year Universalist religious college Quest Seminary. In 2013, California Northstate University that offers a Doctor of Pharmacy degree program relocated to Elk Grove (near the highway of Inter-state 5).
The new Elk Grove Public Library is located at 8900 Elk Grove Blvd in a modern two story building. It moved to this location from just a block East. The library is part of the broader Sacramento Public Library system. The Elk Grove Library also serves neighboring communities such as Vineyard, Wilton, Sloughhouse, and Rancho Murieta. Additional local libraries supplement neighborhoods, such as the public Franklin High Library.
The City of Elk Grove incorporated on July 1, 2000. It is a general law city and operates on the Manager-City Council type of governance. Beginning in 2012, voters elect the Mayor directly for a two year term, along with four council members. Prior to 2012, The mayor's position was a one-year term and was chosen at-large by the city council. The first directly elected Mayor of Elk Grove on November 6, 2012 is Gary Davis. The remaining councilmembers are James Cooper (District 1), Pat Hume (District 2), Steve Detrick (District 3) and Vacant (District 4).
As they have done for more than 100 years, the members of the Cosumnes CSD Fire Department maintain their commitment to protecting the lives, property and environment from fire and other natural and manmade disasters and emergencies in a courteous, timely and effective manner. In 2010, Tracey M. Hansen, a 17-year veteran of the Cosumnes CSD Fire Department was named the new Fire Chief by CSD General Manager Jeff Ramos, the latest achievement in a career she began as a paramedic. Hansen named John Michelini as her Deputy Chief and the team immediately began developing strategies to effectively manage the Fire Department during the recession.